From Marx to Piketty?
When Lenin surveyed the Second International he saw that Kautsky was the leading Marxist intellectual of his day. Marx – Engels- Kautsky was the Intellectual link to which the working class had to defer.
A common belief held at the time by intellectuals within social democracy was that workers could not think theoretically – socialist theory had to be injected in from outside. An insidious and condescending paternalism falsified with the foundation by workers of the Socialist Party of Great Britain in 1904, men and women of the working class who did not need intellectual leaders to write the SPGB’s OBJECT AND DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES.
After Kautsky came out of the First World War with his political reputation in tatters, Lenin took over his place. Lenin believed that he and only he was the true inheritor of Marx. He also agreed with Kautsky that Socialist theory had to be imposed onto the working class by intellectuals like him thereby repudiating Marx’s core political idea that the establishment of Socialism had to be the work of the working class itself. So Lenin believed he was the true heir of Marx. Such is the arrogant vanity of political charlatans and those with delusional fantasies of power.
The false link was now Marx - Engels and Lenin (Marxism-Leninism for short). Following Lenin’s death and a grab for power by the Bolshevik leadership the link became Marx-Engels-Lenin- Stalin or Marx - Engels-Lenin- Trotsky.
This political game changed after Uncle Joe’s death. It now became Marx-Engels-Lenin-Stalin and whoever happed to lead the Communist Party in Russia at the time or Marx-Engels- Lenin- Mao if it was Chinese capitalism (just where are all those Maoists today?) - and Marx-Engels-Lenin-Trotsky and the Fourth international if you happened to believe (incorrectly) that Russia was a “degenerate worker’s state” rather than an oppressive capitalist regime no different to any other country in the world at the time.
By the 1960’s, with the so-called Fourth International splintering into ever smaller pieces, the link became Marx-Engels-Lenin-Trotsky-Fourth International. Hundreds of would-be Trotskyist leaders, all with their own political parties to lead, vied with each other to take over the mantle of “intellectual leader” from “the butcher of Kronstadt”.
In the 1960’s the “marching charging” students created their own link. It was Marx-Engels-Lenin and a student with a doctorate in politics, anthropology, sociology, history, philosophy or economics.
Then it changed again. Lenin was dropped; then Engels. The link now became one between Marx and the student with the Ph.D.
A few years on, as the student progressed through academia it was Marx and the Professor.
Now it is the professor. Marx himself has been replaced. And so step forward Professor Thomas Piketty and his 700 page book CAPITAL IN THE 21ST CENTURY (2014) Piketty is feted by “the Left” (whatever that is) as having “transcended” Marx. Yet to transcend Marx surely you should have first read his work? Apparently not.
Here is an interview with Piketty in NEW REPUBLIC magazine (5th May 2015).
Isaac Chotiner: Can you talk a little bit about the effect of Marx on your thinking and how you came to start reading him?
Thomas Piketty: Marx?
TP: I never managed really to read it. I mean I don’t know if you’ve tried to read it. Have you tried?
IC: Some of his essays, but not the economics work.
TP: THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO of 1848 is a short and strong piece. DAS KAPITAL, I think, is very difficult to read and for me it was not very influential.
IC: Because your book, obviously with the title, it seemed like you were tipping your hat to him in some ways.
TP: No not at all, not at all! The big difference is that my book is a book about the history of capital. In the books of Marx there’s no data
Yet Piketty is being championed as the New Marx for the New Century partly because he calls into question Marx’s own sound and valid understanding and definition of capitalism and partly because it chimes with the distributive politics of the social reformer. Revolutionary his book is not.
The book reviewers in the Sunday newspapers (all except the DAILY MAIL, who’s very, own Max Hastings did a particular nasty hatchet job on the book) are with him on his criticism of inequality within capitalism and what should be done about it. Suffice to say that abolishing capitalism and replacing the profit system with Socialism and production for use is not one of them
It is reputed that the former Labour Party Prime Minister, Harold Wilson could not get beyond the first page of CAPITAL Professor Piketty has done one better; for him Marx’s three volume study of Capitalism is a closed book.
So much for intellectuals!
Object and Declaration of Principles
The establishment of a system of society based upon the common ownership and democratic control of the means and instruments for producing and distributing wealth by and in the interest of the whole community.
Declaration of Principles
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF GREAT BRITAIN HOLDS:
1. That society as at present constituted is based upon the ownership of the means of living (ie land, factories, railways, etc.) by the capitalist or master class, and the consequent enslavement of the working class, by whose labour alone wealth is produced.
2. That in society, therefore, there is an antagonism of interests, manifesting itself as a class struggle, between those who possess but do not produce and those who produce but do not possess.
3.That this antagonism can be abolished only by the emancipation of the working class from the domination of the master class, by the conversion into common property of society of the means of production and distribution, and their democratic control by the whole people.
4. That as in the order of social evolution the working class is the last class to achieve its freedom, the emancipation of the working class will involve the emancipation of all mankind without distinction of race or sex.
5. That this emancipation must be the work of the working class itself.
6. That as the machinery of government, including the armed forces of the nation, exists only to conserve the monopoly by the capitalist class of the wealth taken from the workers, the working class must organise consciously and politically for the conquest of the powers of government, national and local, in order that this machinery, including these forces, may be converted from an instrument of oppression into the agent of emancipation and the overthrow of privilege, aristocratic and plutocratic.
7. That as all political parties are but the expression of class interests, and as the interest of the working class is diametrically opposed to the interests of all sections of the master class, the party seeking working class emancipation must be hostile to every other party.
8. The Socialist Party of Great Britain, therefore, enters the field of political action determined to wage war against all other political parties, whether alleged labour or avowedly capitalist, and calls upon the members of the working class of this country to muster under its banner to the end that a speedy termination may be wrought to the system which deprives them of the fruits of their labour, and that poverty may give place to comfort, privilege to equality, and slavery to freedom.